There has been a great amount of progress in the field of hair replacement and restoration in the last few years. Surgical techniques have improved extensively since toupee hair the days when hair replacement began.
All hair replacement techniques involve the use of your own hair; hence, hair replacement candidates should have some healthy hair, generally at the back and sides of the head. The procedure is a safe procedure when performed by a qualified surgeon, however as with any surgery there are risks.
Candidates must be checked for high blood pressure, blood-clotting problems, or skin that scars excessively, as these conditions may cause difficulties healing. Short pieces of hair growing scalp grafts are removed from areas of the scalp with healthy hair and are placed where hair is thinning.
There are three main types of grafts: punch grafts, mini-grafts, and micro-grafts. Punch grafting takes about 10-15 hairs and places them in the scalp. This was the leading type of technique to be developed, and when first developed caused a patchy look in many candidates.
The technique has been improved since the first days of being developed, and the new mini-graft technique has also been added as an option.
Mini-grafts contain just 2-4 hairs per graft, and therefore look much more normal. Micro-grafts are yet smaller grafts that contain one to two hairs each. To continue healthy circulation of the scalp, grafts are placed 1/8th of an inch apart.
Local anesthesia is generally adequate for these procedures, and several procedures are usually required to achieve the desired result. Post-surgery, a period of almost 10 days of no sexual or strenuous action is recommended, as strenuous activity may cause bleeding from the graft areas.